US Patent Office Grants 'Photography Against White Background' PatentTo Amazon

Discussion in 'Digital Photography' started by Usenet Account, May 27, 2014.

  1. Patent Office Grants 'Photography Against White Background' Patent To Amazon

    Taking a photo against a white background? You may owe Amazon money.
    That's right: the US Patent and Trademark Office just granted Amazon a
    patent for the totally unheard of process of photographing people
    against a white backdrop. And we thought copyright trolls couldn't get
    more brazen.

    Another article: <http://goo.gl/J7FWtj>

    Actual US Patent: <http://goo.gl/GsBCuY>

    <http://act.watchdog.net/petitions/4634?share_ref=DxA-dDyso3c>

    20,758 signatures of 100,000
     
    Usenet Account, May 27, 2014
    #1
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  2. The final patent was granted: March 18, 2014

    United States Patent 8,676,045
    Sawatzky , et al. March 18, 2014
     
    Usenet Account, May 27, 2014
    #2
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  3. Usenet Account

    Martin Brown Guest

    USPTO now has a global reputation somewhere below a slime ball along
    with the patent trolls that they and certain dodgy US states facilitate.

    They will grant a patent for the blindingly obvious whilst ignoring any
    and all prior art provided that the applicants dollars are green and
    supplied to them in sufficient quantity.

    I am pretty sure what Amazon describe in their "invention" has been
    common practice in the industrial and commercial photography business
    since colour film was invented and maybe even before that!

    Still it only affects suckers in the USA who had better watch their step
    if using a white background for photography in the future.
     
    Martin Brown, May 27, 2014
    #3
  4. We should all post white background images online, taken prior to the
    date the patent was granted (March 18, 2014). Unless the USPTO has
    granted Amazon with retroactive protection.
     
    Usenet Account, May 27, 2014
    #4
  5. http://goo.gl/GsBCuY, somebody along the way changed the URL to a non
    related Tinyurl link.

    *** FULL TEXT ****

    ( 1 of 1 )
    United States Patent 8,676,045
    Sawatzky , et al. March 18, 2014
    Studio arrangement

    Abstract

    Disclosed are various embodiments of a studio arrangement and a method
    of capturing images and/or video. One embodiment of the disclosure
    includes a front light source aimed at a background, an image capture
    position located between the background and the front light source, an
    elevated platform positioned between the image capture position and the
    background, and at least one rear light source positioned between the
    elevated platform and the background. A subject can be photographed
    and/or filmed on the elevated platform to achieve a desired effect of a
    substantially seamless background where a rear edge of the elevated
    platform is imperceptible to an image capture device positioned at the
    image capture position.
    Inventors: Sawatzky; Jeremy David (Seattle, WA), Porter; Christina L.
    (Seattle, WA), Strauss; Jeff (Burlington, KY), Blank; Gil (Morris
    Plains, NJ)
    Applicant:
    Name City State Country Type

    Sawatzky; Jeremy David
    Porter; Christina L.
    Strauss; Jeff
    Blank; Gil
    Seattle
    Seattle
    Burlington
    Morris Plains
    WA
    WA
    KY
    NJ
    US
    US
    US
    US
    Assignee: Amazon Technologies, Inc. (Reno, NV)
    Family ID: 50240412
    Appl. No.: 13/292,359
    Filed: November 9, 2011

    Current U.S. Class: 396/3 ; 396/4; 396/5
    Current CPC Class: G03B 15/00 (20130101); H04N 5/222 (20130101); G03B
    15/02 (20130101)
    Current International Class: G03B 15/00 (20060101); H04N 5/222
    (20060101); G03B 15/02 (20060101)
    Field of Search: ;396/1-5 ;348/722
    References Cited [Referenced By]
    U.S. Patent Documents

    2003/0206735 November 2003 Saigo et al.
    Primary Examiner: Blackman; Rochelle-Ann J
    Attorney, Agent or Firm: Thomas | Horstemeyer, LLP
    Claims


    Therefore, the following is claimed:

    1. A studio arrangement, comprising: a background comprising a white
    cyclorama; a front light source positioned in a longitudinal axis
    intersecting the background, the longitudinal axis further being
    substantially perpendicular to a surface of the white cyclorama; an
    image capture position located between the background and the front
    light source in the longitudinal axis, the image capture position
    comprising at least one image capture device equipped with an
    eighty-five millimeter lens, the at least one image capture device
    further configured with an ISO setting of about three hundred twenty and
    an f-stop value of about 5.6; an elevated platform positioned between
    the image capture position and the background in the longitudinal axis,
    the front light source being directed toward a subject on the elevated
    platform; a first rear light source aimed at the background and
    positioned between the elevated platform and the background in the
    longitudinal axis, the first rear light source positioned below a top
    surface of the elevated platform and oriented at an upward angle
    relative to a floor level; a second rear light source aimed at the
    background and positioned between the elevated platform and the
    background in the longitudinal axis, the second rear light source
    positioned above the top surface of the elevated platform and oriented
    at a downward angle relative to the floor level; a third rear light
    source aimed at the background and positioned in a lateral axis
    intersecting the elevated platform and being substantially perpendicular
    to the longitudinal axis, the third rear light source further positioned
    adjacent to a side of the elevated platform; and a fourth rear light
    source aimed at the background and positioned in the lateral axis
    adjacent to an opposing side of the elevated platform relative to the
    third rear light source; wherein a top surface of the elevated platform
    reflects light emanating from the background such that the elevated
    platform appears white and a rear edge of the elevated platform is
    substantially imperceptible to the image capture device; and the first
    rear light source, the second rear light source, the third rear light
    source, and the fourth rear light source comprise a combined intensity
    greater than the front light source according to about a 10:3 ratio.

    2. A studio arrangement, comprising: a background comprising a
    cyclorama; a front light source positioned in a longitudinal axis
    intersecting the background, the longitudinal axis further being
    substantially perpendicular to a surface of the background; an image
    capture position located between the background and the front light
    source in the longitudinal axis; an elevated platform positioned at a
    first distance from the elevated platform and between the image capture
    position and the background along the longitudinal axis, the front light
    source being directed toward the elevated platform; a first at least one
    rear light source positioned between the elevated platform and the
    background, the at least one rear light source directed towards the
    background; a second at least one rear light source positioned in a
    lateral axis intersecting the elevated platform and being substantially
    perpendicular to the longitudinal axis; at least one light shield
    positioned between the second at least one rear light source and the
    elevated platform, the at least one light shield configured to shield
    the elevated platform from light emitted directly from the second at
    least one rear light source from lighting an upper surface of the
    elevated platform; and wherein a top surface of the elevated platform
    reflects light emanating from the background such that the elevated
    platform appears a substantially similar color as the background and a
    rear edge of the elevated platform is substantially imperceptible to an
    image capture device positioned at the image capture position.

    3. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the first distance is
    about 4.5-5.5 times a height of the top surface of the elevated platform.

    4. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the top surface of the
    elevated platform is positioned about twenty-one inches above a floor level.

    5. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the elevated platform is
    positioned about nine feet from the background.

    6. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the top surface of the
    elevated platform further comprises a Poly(methyl methacrylate) surface.

    7. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the cyclorama further
    comprises a substantially white surface.

    8. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the elevated platform
    further comprises a reflective upper surface.

    9. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the first at least one
    rear light source and the second at least one rear light source further
    comprise a plurality of light sources consuming about 40 kilowatts, the
    plurality of light sources emitting light that is substantially evenly
    distributed across the background.

    10. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the first at least one
    rear light source and the second at least one rear light source further
    comprise a first intensity and the front light source comprises a second
    intensity, wherein a ratio of the first intensity to the second
    intensity is approximately 10:3.

    11. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the front light source,
    the first at least one rear light source and the second at least one
    rear light source are configured to emit light having a substantially
    similar color temperature.

    12. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the first at least one
    rear light source further comprises: a first rear light source
    positioned between the elevated platform and the background in the
    longitudinal axis, the first rear light source positioned below a height
    of the elevated platform; and a second rear light source positioned
    between the elevated platform and the background in the longitudinal
    axis, the second rear light source positioned above a height of the
    elevated platform.

    13. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the first rear light
    source is further positioned on a floor beneath the elevated platform
    and oriented at about an upward forty-five degree angle relative to the
    floor.

    14. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the first rear light
    source further comprises a ten kilowatt light source.

    15. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the second rear light
    source is further positioned at a distance above the floor that is about
    1.5-2.5 times the first distance and oriented at a downward forty-five
    degree angle relative to the floor.

    16. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the second rear light
    source further comprises a ten kilowatt light source.

    17. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the second at least one
    rear light source comprises: a third rear light source positioned in a
    lateral axis intersecting the elevated platform and being substantially
    perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, the third rear light source
    further positioned adjacent to a side of the elevated platform; and a
    fourth rear light source positioned in the lateral axis adjacent to an
    opposing side of the elevated platform.

    18. The studio arrangement of claim 17, wherein the third rear light
    source and fourth rear light source are oriented at about a forty-five
    degree angle relative to the longitudinal axis.

    19. The studio arrangement of claim 17, wherein the third rear light
    source and the fourth rear light source are positioned at a distance
    from the background that is about 0.5-1.0 times the first distance.

    20. The studio arrangement of claim 17, wherein the third rear light
    source and fourth rear light source further comprise a first five
    kilowatt light source and a second five kilowatt light source.

    21. The studio arrangement of claim 17, wherein the at least one light
    shield further comprises: a first light shield positioned between the
    third rear light source and the elevated platform, the first light
    shield configured to prevent light emitted directly from the third rear
    light source from lighting an upper surface of the elevated platform;
    and a second light shield positioned between the fourth rear light
    source and the elevated platform, the second light shield configured to
    prevent light emitted directly from the fourth rear light source from
    lighting the upper surface of the elevated platform.

    22. The studio arrangement of claim 12, wherein the front light source
    further comprises a twelve kilowatt light source positioned at a
    distance from the elevated platform that is about two to three times the
    first distance, the second rear light source further oriented at about a
    five degree downward angle relative to a floor level.

    23. The studio arrangement of claim 2, wherein the image capture
    position is positioned at a distance from the elevated platform that is
    about 2-2.5 times the first distance and at a height that is about 2-2.5
    times a height of the top surface of the elevated platform, the image
    capture position further oriented at about a five degree upward angle
    relative to a floor level.

    24. The studio arrangement of claim 23, wherein the image capture
    position further comprises an image capture device.

    25. A method, comprising: positioning a subject on an elevated platform
    in a studio arrangement, the studio arrangement comprising a plurality
    of rear light sources positioned behind the elevated platform and aimed
    at a background behind the elevated platform, the background comprising
    a cyclorama; activating the plurality of rear light sources, the
    plurality of rear light sources comprising a plurality of light sources
    being substantially evenly distributed over the background; activating a
    front light source aimed at the subject, wherein an image capture
    position is positioned between the front light source and the elevated
    platform; initiating image capture in an image capture device positioned
    at the image capture position; shielding the subject from light directly
    emanating from the plurality of rear light sources onto the subject; and
    wherein a top surface of the elevated platform reflects light emanating
    from the background such that the elevated platform appears a
    substantially similar color as the background and a rear edge of the
    elevated platform is substantially imperceptible to the image capture
    device.

    26. The method of claim 25, further comprising the step of configuring
    the image capture device with an ISO setting of 320 and an f-stop value
    of approximately 5.6.

    27. The method of claim 25, wherein the plurality of rear light sources
    and the front light source further comprise a plurality of tungsten
    light sources configured to emit light having a color temperature of
    approximately 3200K.
    Description


    BACKGROUND

    Items are often photographed and/or filmed in a studio environment and
    the resultant images and/or video rendered on a display device
    associated with a computing device. The resultant images and/or video
    can also be used as promotional and/or informational collateral
    associated with the items, which is also viewed on a display device.
    Post-processing or retouching of images and/or video captured in a
    studio environment can be time consuming and/or resource intensive,
    particularly when a consistent look and feel is desired and the items
    photographed in the studio environment are non-uniform.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

    Many aspects of the present disclosure can be better understood with
    reference to the following drawings. The components in the drawings are
    not necessarily to scale, emphasis instead being placed upon clearly
    illustrating the principles of the disclosure. Moreover, in the
    drawings, like reference numerals designate corresponding parts
    throughout the several views.

    FIG. 1 is a top view of a studio arrangement according to various
    embodiments of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 2 is a side view of the studio arrangement of FIG. 1 according to
    various embodiments of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating a method of capturing an image in the
    studio arrangement of FIGS. 1-2 according to various embodiments of the
    present disclosure.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION

    Embodiments of the disclosure are directed to an arrangement of various
    elements to form a studio in which items, people, products, clothing, or
    any other objects can be photographed and/or filmed to achieve a
    particular effect. More specifically, embodiments of the disclosure can
    allow images and/or video of an item placed in a studio arrangement as
    described herein to be captured with a background that appears, when
    captured with an image capture device, as a near perfect white without
    the need for post-processing, retouching, or other image manipulation.
    In other words, images and video of items captured in the studio
    arrangement appear against a background that is equivalent to a white
    background when converted into a web color hexadecimal triplet
    corresponding to a true white. A hexadecimal triplet corresponding to a
    true white according to various browser standards, such as hypertext
    markup language (HTML), cascading style sheets (CSS), and other
    standards, can be represented by three bytes corresponding to a red
    parameter, a green parameter, and a blue parameter, each with a maximum
    value of 255. Additionally, embodiments of the disclosure also achieve
    an effect, without any image manipulation, of an object photographed
    and/or filmed in the studio arrangement that appears to be floating in
    front of the true white background with a reflection of the object
    appearing beneath the object.

    Prior art solutions for achieving such a result for capturing images
    and/or video of objects set against a true white background include
    solutions that often involve some type of image retouching, post
    processing, "green screen" techniques, or other special effects and
    image and video manipulation to achieve the result of an object set
    against a true white background. Accordingly, as will be described
    herein, embodiments of the present disclosure provide a studio
    arrangement in which an object can be photographed and/or filmed, and
    the images and/or video captured by the camera achieve the effect noted
    above without any image manipulation due to the particular arrangements
    of the subject, camera, lighting and background.

    With reference to FIGS. 1-2, shown is a studio arrangement 100 according
    to various embodiments. FIG. 1 illustrates a top plan view of a studio
    arrangement 100 according to an embodiment of the disclosure, and FIG. 2
    illustrates a side view of the studio arrangement 100. As shown in FIG.
    1, the studio arrangement 100 also includes an elevated platform 101 on
    which a subject 104 can be positioned and be photographed and/or filmed
    in front of a background 102. A subject 104 can comprise a model,
    product, or any object desired to be photographed and/or filmed in the
    studio arrangement 100 as appearing on a true white background. The
    elevated platform 101 is configured with a top surface made of a
    material that can include, but is not limited to a plastic, such as
    Poly(methyl methacrylate), which is commonly known as "plexiglass,"
    and/or any other materials that possess a degree of transparency as well
    as reflectivity. Such a material produces an effect in images and/or
    video of the subject 104 such that a reflection of the subject 104
    appears beneath the subject 104, but where the top surface of the
    elevated platform 101 blends seamlessly into a true white background.

    Additionally, light reflecting off the background 102 and into an image
    capture device positioned in the appropriate position in the studio
    arrangement 100 causes the top surface of the elevated platform 101 to
    likewise have a true white appearance. Also, a rear edge of the elevated
    platform also appears imperceptible or not visible to the image capture
    device due to the positioning, configuration, and orientation of the
    various elements in the studio arrangement 100 as described below. It
    should be appreciated that a background 102 of any color may be chosen
    and due to the positioning of the various elements in the studio
    arrangement 100, light emanating from the background 102 reflects off of
    the top surface of the elevated platform 101, into an image capture
    device positioned according to the disclosure, and causes the top
    surface of the elevated platform 101 to appear the same color as the
    background 102.

    The elevated platform 101 can be positioned approximately nine feet from
    the background 102, as measured from the center of the elevated platform
    101, in a longitudinal axis 105 that intersects the elevated platform
    101 and the background 102. A top surface of the elevated platform 101
    is also elevated approximately twenty-one inches above the floor of the
    studio arrangement 100 and has a depth of approximately four feet. In
    other words, the elevated platform 101 is positioned at a distance that
    is about 4.5-5.5 times the height of the top surface of the elevated
    platform 101 from the floor of the studio arrangement 100.

    The studio arrangement 100 also includes one or more rear light sources
    aimed at the background and oriented in a particular manner that will be
    described herein. At least a portion of the one or more rear light
    sources is positioned between the background 102 and the elevated
    platform 101 and intersects the longitudinal axis 105. The studio
    arrangement also includes an image capture position 106 with an image
    capture device that is positioned between the elevated platform 101 and
    a front light source 107 aimed at the elevated platform 101 as well as
    the background 102.

    The image capture position 106 and the front light source 107 are also
    positioned so that at least a portion of each intersects the
    longitudinal axis 105. As depicted in FIG. 2, the background 102 can
    comprise a cyclorama, or a curve, concave background. The use of a
    cyclorama as the background 102 prevents an intersection of the floor
    and back wall of the studio arrangement 100 from being visible in images
    and/or video captured of the subject 104. The background 102 also
    comprises a substantially white background, or one that can be
    characterized by a hexadecimal triplet substantially corresponding to a
    true white according to various browser standards as described above. An
    outer light shield 108, such as curtains, a wall, and/or any type of
    light barrier, can also enclose the studio arrangement 100 to prevent
    ambient light from entering and altering the lighting conditions within
    the studio arrangement 100.

    The one or more rear light sources can be arranged in various angular
    orientations and positions within the studio arrangement 100. In one
    embodiment, the one or more rear light sources can comprise a plurality
    of light sources aimed at the background 102 and away from the subject
    104 such that a total of approximately forty kilowatts of tungsten light
    sources having a color temperature of about 3200 kelvin (K) are
    substantially evenly distributed across at least a portion of the
    background 102 that is visible in images and/or video captured of the
    subject 104. The arrangement of a plurality of rear light sources
    depicted in FIGS. 1-2 illustrate one example of an arrangement of light
    sources configured to approximately meet the above parameters. It should
    be appreciated that various arrangements and positioning of light
    sources can be chosen to meet the parameters of forty kilowatts of light
    sources aimed at the background 102 in a substantially even distribution.

    In the example illustrated in FIGS. 1-2, the one or more rear light
    sources can comprise a first rear light source 115 and a second rear
    light source 117 positioned adjacent to and behind the elevated platform
    101. Referring to the side view of the studio arrangement 100 of FIG. 2,
    the first rear light source 115 and second rear light source 117 are
    vertically offset from one another. The first rear light source 115 is
    positioned on or near a floor of the studio arrangement 100 and aimed at
    the background 102. The first rear light source 115 can be oriented at
    an upward forty-five degree angle (or other appropriate angle) relative
    to the floor. The second rear light source 117, as depicted in FIG. 2,
    is positioned above the elevated platform 101 and aimed at the
    background. The second rear light source 117 can be oriented at a
    downward forty-five degree angle (or other appropriate angle) relative
    to the floor. In one embodiment, the second rear light source 117 is
    positioned approximately one hundred ninety nine inches above the floor
    of the studio arrangement 100. In other words, the second rear light
    source 117 can be positioned at a height that is approximately 1.5-2.5
    times the distance of the elevated platform 101 from the background 102.

    The first rear light source 115 and second rear light source 117 are
    positioned so that at least a portion of each is located within or near
    the longitudinal axis 125. In one embodiment, the first rear light
    source 115 and second rear light source 117 can comprise one or more
    light sources that respectively total ten kilowatts of light sources
    directed at the background 101. In the depicted example, the first rear
    light source 115 and second rear light source 117 each comprise an array
    of five two kilowatt tungsten studio lighting emitting light having a
    color temperature of approximately 3200K.

    The studio arrangement 100 also includes a third rear light source 119
    and a fourth rear light source 121. In one embodiment, the third rear
    light source 119 and fourth rear light source 121 comprise ten kilowatt
    light sources positioned on opposing sides of the elevated platform 101
    that are aimed at the background. In the depicted embodiment, the third
    rear light source 119 and fourth rear light source 121 are positioned
    such that at least a portion of each intersects or is near a lateral
    axis 122 intersecting the elevated platform 101. The third rear light
    source 119 and fourth rear light source 121, in some embodiments can
    also be positioned behind and laterally offset from the elevated
    platform 101 so long as they are aimed at the background 102.

    As shown in FIG. 1, the third rear light source can comprise 119 two
    five kilowatt tungsten studio lighting emitting light having a color
    temperature of approximately 3200K. Similarly, the fourth rear light
    source 121 two five kilowatt tungsten studio lighting sources emitting
    light having a color temperature of approximately 3200K. In the depicted
    embodiment, for each of the third rear light source 119 and fourth rear
    light source 121, one of the five kilowatt studio lighting sources can
    be positioned approximately sixty-six inches from the background, and
    another can be positioned approximately seventy-eight inches from the
    background. In other words, these light sources can be positioned such
    that they are located a distance that is in a range of about 0.5-1.0
    times the distance that the elevated platform 101 is located from the
    background 102. The third rear light source 119 and fourth rear light
    source 121 are also oriented at an approximately forty-five degree angle
    relative to the longitudinal axis 125.

    Additionally, the studio arrangement 100 includes a first light shield
    131 and second light shield 133 that are positioned between elevated
    platform 101 and the third rear light source 119 and fourth rear light
    source 121, respectively. The first light shield 131 and second light
    shield 133 are configured to prevent light emanating directly from the
    third rear light source 119 and fourth rear light source 121 an onto the
    elevated platform 101 and/or the subject 104 positioned on the elevated
    platform 101. Accordingly, the first light shield 131 and second light
    shield 133 can comprise an opaque barrier that prevents light from being
    emitted from the third rear light source 119 and fourth rear light
    source 121 to the elevated platform 101.

    As shown in FIGS. 1-2, the studio arrangement 100 also comprises a front
    light source 107 aimed at the elevated platform 101, the subject 104,
    and the background 102. The front light source 107 can comprise a twelve
    kilowatt studio lighting source emitting light with a color temperature
    of approximately 3200K. The front light source is positioned, in the
    depicted example, approximately six feet rearward of the image capture
    position 106 at a height of approximately eighty-four inches relative to
    the floor of the studio arrangement 100, or a height that is
    approximately two to three times the height of the top surface of the
    elevated platform 101 and is oriented at a downward angle of
    approximately five degrees relative to the floor.

    The image capture position 106 is the location in the studio arrangement
    100 where an image capture device can be positioned for image and/or
    video capture such that the desired effect described above is realized.
    An image capture device can be stationed at the image capture position
    106, which is positioned approximately nineteen feet from the rear of
    the elevated platform 101, or at a distance from the elevated platform
    101 that is about two to 2.5 times the distance that the elevated
    platform 101 is positioned from the background 102. Accordingly, the
    front light source 107 is positioned at a distance from the elevated
    platform 101 that is about two to three times the distance that the
    elevated platform 101 is positioned from the background 102. The image
    capture position 106 is also positioned at a height that is about two to
    2.5 times the height of the top surface of the elevated platform 101.
    The image capture device can be oriented at an upward five degree angle
    relative to the floor of the studio arrangement 100. Additionally, to
    achieve the desired effect, an image capture device can be positioned at
    a shooting distance from the subject 104 of approximately seventeen feet
    (in the case of an object placed in the middle of the elevated platform
    101), at a distance that is about twice the distance that the elevated
    platform 101 is positioned from the background 102 and equipped with an
    eighty five millimeter lens and configured with an International
    Standards Organization (ISO) film speed setting of approximately 320 and
    an aperture setting f-stop parameter of approximately 5.6.

    Although one specific implementation of an embodiment of the disclosure
    is disclosed herein, it should be appreciated that the desired effect
    can be achieved by employing one or more rear light sources and one or
    more front light where the ratio of the intensity of the rear light
    sources to the front light source is approximately 10:3. For example, in
    an alternative embodiment, rear light sources totaling four kilowatts
    and a front light source that is 1.2 kilowatts can also be employed,
    provided that the dimensions and distances of the various elements in
    the studio arrangement 100 relative to one another are correspondingly
    adjusted. Additionally, it is not necessary that tungsten lighting
    emitting light having a color temperature of 3200K are employed as the
    rear light sources and front light source so long as the color
    temperature of the various light sources are the same or similar.

    Accordingly, an image and/or video captured in the above studio
    arrangement 100 with the above noted illustrative parameters can achieve
    the desired effect of a true white background. Because of the use of a
    cyclorama as the background 102, an intersection of a wall and floor is
    not visible, as no such intersection exists. Additionally, the intensity
    and positioning of the one or more rear light sources relative to the
    elevated platform 101 and the background 102 achieves a substantially
    even distribution of light across at least a portion a background 102
    visible in an image and/or video captured at the image capture position
    106. The reflection of the substantially even distribution of a total of
    forty kilowatts of the rear light sources from the white background 102
    cause the top surface of the elevated platform 101 to have a true white
    appearance. Additionally, the rear light sources in combination with the
    twelve kilowatt front light source 107 causes the rear edge of the
    elevated platform 101 to effectively be invisible or imperceptible in a
    captured image and/or video. Additionally, this combination of the
    elevated platform 101, the described lighting and the background 102
    cause a reflection of the subject 104 to appear on a true white
    background. In other words, the subject 104 appears as if the subject
    104 is floating in front of a true white background 104 and above a true
    white and slightly reflective surface without any image manipulation,
    retouching, special effects, or any other image post-processing.

    Accordingly, images captured by an image capture device positioned at
    the image capture position 106 can be published, without any
    post-processing, and rendered by a browser in a web page, by a mobile
    application, image viewer, or any other means for viewing imagery and
    achieve the desired effect.

    Referring next to FIG. 3, shown is a flowchart that provides one example
    of a method of using the studio arrangement 100 (FIG. 1) according to
    various embodiments. It is understood that the flowchart of FIG. 3
    provides merely an example of the various ways in which a studio
    arrangement 100 according to the present disclosure can be employed to
    capture images and/or video of a subject 104 (FIG. 1) to achieve the
    desired effect described above.

    In step 303, the one or more rear light sources can be activated. As
    described above, the one or more rear light sources can comprise a
    plurality of light sources such that about forty kilowatts of tungsten
    studio lighting emitting light with a color temperature of approximately
    3200K is evenly distributed across a portion of the background 102. In
    step 305, the front light source can be activated, which illuminates the
    subject 104 on the elevated platform 101 with about twelve kilowatts of
    tungsten studio lighting emitting light with a color temperature of
    approximately 3200K. In other words, a ratio of the rear light sources
    to the front light source can be approximately 10:3. In step 307, the
    subject 104 can be positioned on the elevated platform 101 (FIG. 1). As
    noted above, the subject 104 can include people, products, or any object
    desired to be photographed or filmed in the studio arrangement 100 to
    achieve the desired effect. In step 309, images and/or video of the
    subject can be captured with an image capture device from the image
    capture position 106 to achieve the desired effect described above.

    It should be noted that angles, dimensions, distances, settings,
    parameters, and other numerical data may or may not be expressed herein
    in a range format. It is to be understood that the numerical data is
    presented herein and used for convenience and brevity, and thus, should
    be interpreted in a flexible manner to include not only the numerical
    values explicitly recited as the only workable parameters, but also to
    include all the individual numerical values that can be employed in a
    studio arrangement 100 to achieve the desired effect discussed herein.
    To illustrate, a distance expressed as "six feet" should be interpreted
    to distances that are within a reasonable range of such a distance or
    may vary significantly provided other parameters compensate to achieve
    desired effects. Additionally, it should also be understood that
    embodiments of the disclosure can also include equivalent arrangements
    of elements in a studio that can also achieve a desired effect. For
    example, while a particular non-limiting example of parameters related
    to studio lighting may be recited, these parameters can be varied to
    achieve the desired effect by modulating a distance in combination with
    the wattage and/or color temperature of the studio lighting to achieve
    an equivalent result. All such variations are intended to be within the
    scope of the present disclosure. In embodiments of the disclosure, terms
    such as "about," "approximately," and "substantially" can include
    traditional rounding according to significant figures of the numerical
    value.

    It should be also noted that numerical data may be expressed herein in a
    range format. It is to be understood that such a range format is used
    for convenience and brevity, and thus, should be interpreted in a
    flexible manner to include not only the numerical values explicitly
    recited as the limits of the range, but also to include all the
    individual numerical values or sub-ranges encompassed within that range
    as if each numerical value and sub-range is explicitly recited. To
    illustrate, a distance range of "one feet to two feet" should be
    interpreted to include not only the explicitly recited range, but also
    include individual distances (e.g., 1.2 feet, 1.3 feet, etc.) and
    sub-ranges within the indicated range. In an embodiment, the term
    "about" can include traditional rounding according to significant
    figures of the numerical value. In addition, the phrase "about `x` to
    `y`" includes "about `x` to about `y`".

    It should be emphasized that the above-described embodiments of the
    present disclosure are merely possible examples of implementations set
    forth for a clear understanding of the principles of the disclosure.
    Many variations and modifications may be made to the above-described
    embodiment(s) without departing substantially from the spirit and
    principles of the disclosure. All such modifications and variations are
    intended to be included herein within the scope of this disclosure and
    protected by the following claims.

    * * * * *
     
    Usenet Account, May 28, 2014
    #5
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