TCP port 1720

Discussion in 'VOIP' started by mahajanl, Sep 6, 2004.

  1. mahajanl

    mahajanl Guest

    Hi,

    I am fairly new to the VoIP technology.
    I went through one document which told me that VoIP uses UDP as
    transport layer protocol.

    But another document which contradicts this, mentioned that TCP port
    1720 is used for call control signaling in VOIP.

    I am a little confused over this.
    IS TCP used as a transport protocol in VoIP or not ???

    Thanx in advance..
    mahajanl, Sep 6, 2004
    #1
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  2. mahajanl

    567.07.07 Guest

    mahajanl napisa³(a):

    [...]

    sometimes is UDP sometimes is TCP
    as u wish :)

    R,
    --

    Email: http://www.tiny.pl/rh9
    MyGG: 567.07.07
    567.07.07, Sep 6, 2004
    #2
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  3. mahajanl

    Majortom Guest

    There's no contradiction at all as long as you know the different parts of a
    call. There are basically two parts, call signalling and media streaming.
    The signalling part is where your ip phone/PC gets it's marching orders from
    the call-control agent, and this is usually TCP as it is more reliable than
    UDP and will retransmit dropped packets. The media streaming part is the
    actual voice packets that make up the conversation and this part uses
    Real-Time Protocol which is UDP. If you get a dropped packet, you would
    actually be worse off using TCP because it would retransmit the packet and
    it would arrive out of sequence and voice quality would suffer.

    Hope that clears things up a bit.
    Majortom, Sep 6, 2004
    #3
  4. Majortom wrote:
    > There's no contradiction at all as long as you know the different parts of a
    > call. There are basically two parts, call signalling and media streaming.

    Actualy at least four:
    1. Call-level signalling (H.225) over TCP usualy.
    2. Communication control (H.245) (usualy using the same or separate TCP
    transport channel).
    3. Media streams (RTP protocol) - at least forward and reverse UDP streams.
    4. Media control streams (RTCP protocol) - optional f/r UDP streams.

    > UDP and will retransmit dropped packets. The media streaming part is the
    > actual voice packets that make up the conversation and this part uses
    > Real-Time Protocol which is UDP.

    .... which _uses_ UDP as transport level protocol. Actualy can use any
    non-reliable (in general) protocol. Uses RTCP for quality control. Both
    RTP/RTCP is RFC-based and very simple.

    TCP port 1720 is used as well-known port to receive new call signalling
    requests/channels (H.225 messages encapsulated into Q.931 messages
    encapsulated into TPKT shell and all of this over TCP ).

    --
    WBR, Roman Nikitchenko, http://smartgate.wtelecom.net
    _,,,_|\_/|_,,,_
    Roman Nikitchenko, Sep 15, 2004
    #4
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