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Performance issues with large files -- ruby vs. python :)

 
 
sa 125
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      11-27-2008
Hi all -

I'm new to ruby after working with python for a while. My work is
performing data mining and doing some web dev for my company. We
recently started looking at rails, and I wanted to see if it's worth
migrating some of my code from python to ruby. So much for the intro.

I've re-written a script that extracts data from a very large csv file
(~8 million rows or so, almost 1Gb in size). It does so by iterating
through the rows and building a tree-like hash (dict in python) in
memory that will later be written to our DB. The structure is something
like this:

{date =>
{ company =>
{ product => [array of relevant info] } } }

This way I only get the data I need, sort it on the fly, and speed up
the process. The idea is to propagate down the keys if some field has
duplicate values -- I hope that makes some sense.. Anyway, I copied my
python code, and basically translated it to ruby.

This is where it got interesting -- after solving all the quirks and
getting it to run, it appeared to be super slow compared to python. I
mean nearly an 30 min in ruby vs under 2 minutes in python code. It's
worth mentioning that I used the psyco module in python, and that I did
my testing on win-xp.

Since I'm a newbie and **really** don't want to spark a python/ruby
talk-back war (I actually like ruby a lot from what I've seen so far), I
was just wondering if there's something I might have missed, like a
psyco equivalent module for ruby or something else to narrow the gap.

I'd appreciate feedback - thanks!
--
Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.

 
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Florian Gilcher
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      11-27-2008
>

It would be nice if you could give us some hints on what libraries you
are using and how
you code looks like. If we are talking about such intensive talks, it
might be that you are
getting something wrong about memory handling and such.

But, to try a shot: do you use the standard csv-library or do you use
fastercsv?

Regards,
Florian Gilcher

 
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sa 125
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      11-27-2008
I can't really put the code here since it's on the company's intranet. I
use the fastercsv and mysql libraries. Basically I want to grab the
first and last record of every date/company/product combo, and store
it's row info.

The core processing is done through if statements

@main_hash = {}
csv = FasterCSV.open(file_path, "r", :headers => true)

#...code below is in loop: for row in csv...

if not @main_hash.keys.member?(date)
@main_hash[date] = {}
@main_hash[date][company] = {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
else
if not @main_hash[date].keys.member?(company)
@main_hash[date][company] = {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
else
if not @main_hash[date][company].keys.member?(prod)
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
end
end
end

# loop ends

This is basically the part of the code that runs slow. I keep track of
progress in percentage (file position / file size) throughout the loop.
I should mention I extract the row values into loop variables, like
date/company/prod using the csv headers: date = row['Date'], etc.

the row_values variable is an array containing all the relevant
parameters from the row. The @main_hash variable obviously takes up some
memory. There are a couple of if-statements, but not much else. That's
pretty much all I can think about. Thanks!

--
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brabuhr@gmail.com
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      11-27-2008
On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 9:39 AM, sa 125 <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
> The core processing is done through if statements
>
> #...code below is in loop: for row in csv...
>
> if not @main_hash.keys.member?(date)
> @main_hash[date] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> else
> if not @main_hash[date].keys.member?(company)
> @main_hash[date][company] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> else
> if not @main_hash[date][company].keys.member?(prod)
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> end
> end
> end
>
> # loop ends


unless main_hash[date]
main_hash[date] = {}
main_hash[date][company] = {}
main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
else
unless main_hash[date][company]
main_hash[date][company] = {}
main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
else
unless main_hash[date][company][prod]
main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
end
end
end

main_hash[date] ||= {}
main_hash[date][company] ||= {}
main_hash[date][company][prod] ||= row_values

d = main_hash[date] ||= {}
c = d[company] ||= {}
p = c[prod] ||= row_values

((@main_hash[date] ||= {})[company] ||= {})[prod] ||= row_values

 
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brabuhr@gmail.com
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      11-27-2008
On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 10:27 AM, <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 9:39 AM, sa 125 <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
>> if not @main_hash.keys.member?(date)
>> @main_hash[date] = {}

>
> main_hash[date] ||= {}


Simple benchmark:
http://gist.github.com/29792

 
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Charles Oliver Nutter
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      11-27-2008
http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/(E-Mail Removed) wrote:
> unless main_hash[date]
> main_hash[date] = {}
> main_hash[date][company] = {}
> main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> else
> unless main_hash[date][company]
> main_hash[date][company] = {}
> main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> else
> unless main_hash[date][company][prod]
> main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> end
> end
> end


DO NOT use unless...else. It's the most confusing conditional construct
ever. Use if and flop the bodies, or just use if !condition.

- Charlie

 
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Brian Candler
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      11-27-2008
sa 125 wrote:
> if not @main_hash.keys.member?(date)


@main_hash.keys will create an array of all the keys, which will be
expensive when it's large, and member? will do a linear search, which is
also expensive. You can replace with:

if not @main_hash.has_key?(date)

or more simply

if not @main_hash[date]

> @main_hash[date] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values


The third line does nothing, because it's replaced by the fourth line. I
think all you need is:

@main_hash[date] = { company => { prod => row_values } }

> else
> if not @main_hash[date].keys.member?(company)
> @main_hash[date][company] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> else
> if not @main_hash[date][company].keys.member?(prod)
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = {}
> @main_hash[date][company][prod] = row_values
> end
> end
> end


You can rewrite this as above too.

But looking at this, I think you can replace *all* this code with just
the following three lines:

@main_hash[date] ||= {}
@main_hash[date][company] ||= {}
@main_hash[date][company][prod] ||= row_values

Note that a ||= b is the same as a = a || b, which will assign b to a
only if a is nil or false.

> This is basically the part of the code that runs slow. I keep track of
> progress in percentage (file position / file size) throughout the loop.


There is also the ruby profiler, which you can turn on/off where needed,
or just run the whole lot with ruby -rprofile (beware: makes your code
run *much* slower)

Regards,

Brian.
--
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Robert Dober
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      11-27-2008
On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 4:57 PM, Charles Oliver Nutter
<(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:

> DO NOT use unless...else. It's the most confusing conditional construct
> ever. Use if and flop the bodies, or just use if !condition.


I have never heard you shout before, *unless* I am mistaken .
I always felt that unless is just the human readable way of saying if
not, but accountants do not have any taste (or something like that .

Anyway here I would rather apply Ruby's on steroid (citing Dave
Thomas) construct "case".

case
when not h....
....
when not h....
....
etc.etc
else
....
end

I am not sure if faster code is generated but I would guess so.

All that said I wonder if your code could not benefit of this kind of
initialization

@main_hash =3D Hash::new{ |h, k| h[k] =3D Hash::new{ |h, k| h[k] =3D {} I
let *you* close all those accolades

HTH
Robert

--=20
Ne baisse jamais la t=EAte, tu ne verrais plus les =E9toiles.

Robert Dober

 
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brabuhr@gmail.com
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      11-27-2008
On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 11:47 AM, Robert Dober <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 4:57 PM, Charles Oliver Nutter
> <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
>
>> DO NOT use unless...else. It's the most confusing conditional construct
>> ever. Use if and flop the bodies, or just use if !condition.

>
> I have never heard you shout before, *unless* I am mistaken .
> I always felt that unless is just the human readable way of saying if
> not, but accountants do not have any taste (or something like that .


I don't think the confusion issue was simply unless, but rather
pairing unless with else.

# not confusing
unless a == b
#foo
end

# confusing
unless a == b
#foo
else
#bar
end

# not confusing
if a == b
#bar
else
#foo
end

# or
if a != b
#foo
else
#bar
end

 
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Robert Dober
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      11-27-2008
On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 6:12 PM, <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 11:47 AM, Robert Dober <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
>> On Thu, Nov 27, 2008 at 4:57 PM, Charles Oliver Nutter
>> <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:
>>
>>> DO NOT use unless...else. It's the most confusing conditional construct
>>> ever. Use if and flop the bodies, or just use if !condition.

>>
>> I have never heard you shout before, *unless* I am mistaken .
>> I always felt that unless is just the human readable way of saying if
>> not, but accountants do not have any taste (or something like that .

>
> I don't think the confusion issue was simply unless, but rather
> pairing unless with else.

Hmm that indeed is a little more misleading, sorry for not getting
this but the ellipsis put me astray.

 
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