Velocity Reviews > List loops

# List loops

Tommy Grav
Guest
Posts: n/a

 10-09-2007
Hi everyone,

I have a list of objects where I have want to do two loops.
I want to loop over the list and inside this loop, work on all
the elements of the list after the one being handled in the outer
loop. I can of course do this with indexes:

>>> alist = range(3)
>>> for i in xrange(len(alist)):

.... for j in xrange(i+1,len(alist)):
.... print i,j,alist[i],alist[j]
....
0 1 0 1
0 2 0 2
1 2 1 2
>>>

Is there a way to do this without using indexes?

Cheers
Tommy

John Machin
Guest
Posts: n/a

 10-09-2007
On 10/10/2007 12:30 AM, Tommy Grav wrote:
> Hi everyone,
>
> I have a list of objects where I have want to do two loops.
> I want to loop over the list and inside this loop, work on all
> the elements of the list after the one being handled in the outer
> loop. I can of course do this with indexes:
>
> >>> alist = range(3)

If you REALLY want this to work ONLY on lists of the form range(n), then
say so. Otherwise give a generic example e.g. alist = ['foo', 42,
3.14159] so that the channel is not clogged with red-herring responses

> >>> for i in xrange(len(alist)):

> ... for j in xrange(i+1,len(alist)):
> ... print i,j,alist[i],alist[j]
> ...
> 0 1 0 1
> 0 2 0 2
> 1 2 1 2
> >>>

>
>
> Is there a way to do this without using indexes?
>

Probably not efficiently, if your list size is huge and you want to
avoid making copies of sub-lists e.g. alist[i+1:].

A somewhat more efficient version of your code:
n = len(any_old_list)
for i in xrange(n-1):
# n-1 avoids possible problems if you need to use i here
for j in xrange(i+1, n):
# etc

How big is n likely to be?