Velocity Reviews > C++ > STL transform algorithm

# STL transform algorithm

Piotr
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006

Hi,

I have the following code which uses STL transform algorithm. It
basically takes a list of Rect* object, get all the y attribute and
store it in a vector of 'int'.

My question is: is there a way to simplify the code? Is there a way for
me to get rid of the GetY class, since it essentially just calls
'getY()'. Thank you.

class GetY : public std::unary_function<Rect*, int>
{
public:
int operator()(Rect* r);
};

int GetY :: operator()( Rect* r)
{
return r->getY();
}

vector<int>& getY(list<Rect*> _rectList) {

vector<int>* _y = new vector<int>(_rectList.size()),
transform(_rectList.begin(), _rectList.end(), _y->begin(), GetY());

return *(_y);
}

roberts.noah@gmail.com
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006

Piotr wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have the following code which uses STL transform algorithm. It
> basically takes a list of Rect* object, get all the y attribute and
> store it in a vector of 'int'.
>
> My question is: is there a way to simplify the code? Is there a way for
> me to get rid of the GetY class, since it essentially just calls
> 'getY()'. Thank you.
>
> class GetY : public std::unary_function<Rect*, int>
> {
> public:
> int operator()(Rect* r);
> };
>
> int GetY :: operator()( Rect* r)
> {
> return r->getY();
> }
>
>
> vector<int>& getY(list<Rect*> _rectList) {
>
> vector<int>* _y = new vector<int>(_rectList.size()),
> transform(_rectList.begin(), _rectList.end(), _y->begin(), GetY());

You try mem_fun?

transform(begin, end, mem_fun(&Rect::GetY));
>
> return *(_y);
> }

Piotr
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006
Is there a way to replace these binary function as well? I use them in
STL sort algorithm:

bool GreaterX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
{
return (bd1->getX() < bd2->getX());
}

bool SameX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
{
return (bd1->getX() == bd2->getX());
}

roberts.noah@gmail.com
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006

Piotr wrote:
> Is there a way to replace these binary function as well? I use them in
> STL sort algorithm:
>
> bool GreaterX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
> {
> return (bd1->getX() < bd2->getX());
> }
>
>
> bool SameX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
> {
> return (bd1->getX() == bd2->getX());
> }

There is all sorts of useful goodies in <algorithm>. Have a look there
and/or get Josuttis's book on the std lib.

I don't know, I would have to look it up.

Thomas Tutone
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006
Piotr wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I have the following code which uses STL transform algorithm. It
> basically takes a list of Rect* object, get all the y attribute and
> store it in a vector of 'int'.
>
> My question is: is there a way to simplify the code? Is there a way for
> me to get rid of the GetY class, since it essentially just calls
> 'getY()'. Thank you.

Yes. Take a look at std::mem_fun(), which permits you to eliminate the
GetY functor entirely. Here's a reference:

http://www.sgi.com/tech/stl/mem_fun_t.html

Best regards,

Tom

Daniel T.
Guest
Posts: n/a

 02-14-2006
In article <(E-Mail Removed). com>,
"Piotr" <(E-Mail Removed)> wrote:

> Is there a way to replace these binary function as well? I use them in
> STL sort algorithm:
>
> bool GreaterX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
> {
> return (bd1->getX() < bd2->getX());
> }
>
>
> bool SameX:perator()( Rect* bd1, Rect* bd2)
> {
> return (bd1->getX() == bd2->getX());
> }

(I'm assuming getX returns an int.)

In both cases, the functions take two Rect*s, call "->getX()" on each
and performs a compare on the results returning a bool. The only
difference is what is being used to make the comparison.

It just so happens that there are two functors in the standard library
that already do the two different comparisons (std::less and
std::equal_to) so we simply need to create one class that can use either
of those functors. It's operator() will look something like this:

bool operator()( const Rect* bd1, const Rect* bd2 ) const {
return fn( bd1->getX(), bd2->getX() );
}

If 'fn' is std::less, then it will return true if bd1's x is less than
bd2's x. If 'fn' is std::equal_to, then the two xs must be equal for it
to return true.

Here is the whole class.

template <typename Op>
class compare_x_t: public binary_function<Rect*, Rect*, bool>
{
Op fn;
public:
compare_x_t() { }
compare_x_t( Op f ): fn( f ) { }
bool operator()( const Rect* bd1, const Rect* bd2 ) const {
return fn( bd1->getX(), bd2->getX() );
}
};

and a helper function for creating the right class object.

template <typename Op>
compare_x_t<Op> compare_x( Op f ) {
return compare_x_t<Op>( f );
}

Now you can:

void fn( list<Rect*>& ll, Rect* refRect ) {
ll.sort( compare_x( less<int>() ) );

list<Rect*>::iterator it = find_if( ll.begin(), ll.end(),
bind2nd( compare_x( equal_to<int>() ), refRect ) );
}

The above could be made more generic but don't do it unless you need it.

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