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isakmp per info not found, some solutions

Walter Roberson
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If one turns on debug isakmp under IOS or PIX, one may see
a message saying (approximately)

VPN :ISAKMP: peer info for not found

Searching Cisco's web site via google (or Cisco's search
tool which uses google's technology) will not find
any hits for this. A few dozen postings over the years have
asked about this, but there has rarely been a useful
solution posted.

If one looks in Cisco's document on troubleshooting VPN's,
there is information on this message. Unfortunately
that information is hard to read, and talks about matters
such as "intersecting traffic" without explanation. If one
reads the description there a number of times and looks at
the accompanying example, it -appears- that the description is
saying the problem occurs if the IPSec transforms do not match
up properly... on the other hand, the description could just
as easily be saying that the problem occurs if the exchanged
ACLs do not match... a difficulty that would tend to lead
to a different message. One gets the impression that the
description was translated from another language.

The Cisco description of the message seems to indicate that
the message would be generated just as the layer 2 ipsec
attributes were being exchanged. This is not always helpful:
PIX debug sessions may show progress much further than that,
including showing sending an ACL from one end just after
"floating port detected" in NAT-T processing.

After tracking down some cases of this today, I offer the
following debug steps:

1) If you are using pre-shared keys, ensure that your keys are the same
on both ends. If this is your problem then one of the ends may show the
debug message "reserved is not zero at payload" followed by a number.
Meanwhile, the other end may show the "per info not found" message

2) Check that the ipsec transforms are the same at both ends,
or at least that the first of them is same. IPsec -should- be
able to negotiate transforms in this case, but on the PIX at
least, that negotiation does not always work. (It is possible
that the negotation failure is related to NAT-T being on -- that is,
potentially the two ends would settle on a mutally agreeable
transform if you did not have NAT-T on.)

3) Ensure that each device knows the route to the other. If
the crypto interface on the device is attached to a LAN/WAN that
has a route back, then layer 1 ipsec negotiation will succeed,
as will partial NAT-T negotiations. However, in order to finish
NAT-T negotations, the crypto device itself needs to know the route:
after a point it stops just punting the packets out the interface
and starts trying to route the packets. If the device route to the
remote endpoint does not pass through the crypto interface, then
the side with the routing problem will not submit the proxy ACL to
the other end, but the side that does not have a routing problem
will think it has finished NAT-T negotiations and will submit
a proxy ACL. The side that has the routing problem is the one
more likely to give the peer info not found message, but the other
end may eventually give the message as well.

4) Ensure that no intermediate system is blocking the packets;
in particular if you have NAT-T turned on, ensure that UDP 4500 is
available end to end. If there is a block, then the effect is the
same as if there is a routing problem.

I hit #4 in the late hours of last night, and I hit the
other three this afternoon/evening. In -most- cases the default
route will take care of #3, but in my most troublesome case
today the default route pointed out the outside interface and
it happened that the inside interface was my VPN endpoint.
We don't need no side effect-ing
We don't need no scope control
No global variables for execution
Hey! Did you leave those args alone? -- decvax!utzoo!utcsrgv!roderick
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