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Ittay Dror 10-22-2008 07:52 AM

extending object with another object
 
Hi,


How is it possible to extend an object using another object?


I know I can iterate the public methods of one and define them (or maybe
clone, and bind) in the other, but I'm looking for something that will
work more closely to how 'extend' works.


Thanks,

Ittay

--
--
Ittay Dror <ittay.dror@gmail.com>




Brian Candler 10-22-2008 08:20 AM

Re: extending object with another object
 
Ittay Dror wrote:
> How is it possible to extend an object using another object?


It depends exactly on what you're trying to achieve.

You have two separate objects, both with their own sets of methods *and*
their own sets of instance variables. In what way do you want to
"extend" the first with the second? What happens to instance variables
belonging to the second object?

Now, if you simply want a call to method X on object A to be forwarded
to object B (in which context it would use object B's instance
variables), then look at delegate.rb, or you can synthesise this pattern
yourself using method_missing

class A
def hello
puts "hello"
end
end

class B
def bye
puts "bye"
end
end

a = A.new
b = B.new

# This is a rough implementation of SimpleDelegator
def a.other=(x)
@other=x
end
def a.method_missing(*args)
@other.send(*args)
end

a.other = b
a.hello
a.bye

The important thing here is that when methods are delegated to the other
object, they will be in the context of that object and hence have access
to that object's instance variables. Put simply, that object will
"work".

In cases where the methods by themselves make sense, then generally
you'd stick those methods into a Module so that both a and b could make
use of them.

class A
include MyStuff
end
...
b = B.new
b.extend MyStuff

But clearly you know about this already.
--
Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.


Ittay Dror 10-22-2008 09:38 AM

Re: extending object with another object
 
[Note: parts of this message were removed to make it a legal post.]



Brian Candler wrote:

> Ittay Dror wrote:
>
>> How is it possible to extend an object using another object?
>>

>
> It depends exactly on what you're trying to achieve.
>
> You have two separate objects, both with their own sets of methods *and*
> their own sets of instance variables. In what way do you want to
> "extend" the first with the second? What happens to instance variables
> belonging to the second object?
>

I want just to get the methods defined in the second object, something like
object.extend(as_module(other_object))

where 'as_module' is some method that returns a module representing the
class hierarchy (with singletons) of the other object.

class A
def initialize(name)
@name = name
end
def hi
puts @name
end
end

class B
def initialize(name)
@name = name
end
end

a = A.new('a')
b = B.new('b')
b.object_extend(a)
b.hi #=> 'b'

Ittay


> Now, if you simply want a call to method X on object A to be forwarded
> to object B (in which context it would use object B's instance
> variables), then look at delegate.rb, or you can synthesise this pattern
> yourself using method_missing
>
> class A
> def hello
> puts "hello"
> end
> end
>
> class B
> def bye
> puts "bye"
> end
> end
>
> a = A.new
> b = B.new
>
> # This is a rough implementation of SimpleDelegator
> def a.other=(x)
> @other=x
> end
> def a.method_missing(*args)
> @other.send(*args)
> end
>
> a.other = b
> a.hello
> a.bye
>
> The important thing here is that when methods are delegated to the other
> object, they will be in the context of that object and hence have access
> to that object's instance variables. Put simply, that object will
> "work".
>
> In cases where the methods by themselves make sense, then generally
> you'd stick those methods into a Module so that both a and b could make
> use of them.
>
> class A
> include MyStuff
> end
> ...
> b = B.new
> b.extend MyStuff
>
> But clearly you know about this already.
>


--
Ittay Dror <ittayd@tikalk.com>
Tikal <http://www.tikalk.com>
Tikal Project <http://tikal.sourceforge.net>


--
--
Ittay Dror <ittay.dror@gmail.com>



Brian Candler 10-22-2008 06:32 PM

Re: extending object with another object
 
Ittay Dror wrote:
> Brian Candler wrote:
>
>> belonging to the second object?
>>

> I want just to get the methods defined in the second object, something
> like
> object.extend(as_module(other_object))
>
> where 'as_module' is some method that returns a module representing the
> class hierarchy (with singletons) of the other object.


But I still don't know what the *purpose* of this is, i.e. what actual
problem you're trying to solve, and without that I can't propose a
better solution.

What you're asking for is not especially easy to do. I guess you could
iterate over the methods of B, obtain UnboundMethod objects, and bind
them to A. But I've never come across any situation where I've needed
(or wanted) to do this.
--
Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.


Trans 10-22-2008 07:17 PM

Re: extending object with another object
 


On Oct 22, 3:52=A0am, Ittay Dror <ittay.d...@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> How is it possible to extend an object using another object?
>
> I know I can iterate the public methods of one and define them (or maybe
> clone, and bind) in the other, but I'm looking for something that will
> work more closely to how 'extend' works.


You have to use delegation. Look up delegate.rb.

T.



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