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-   -   Don't understand behavior; instance form a class in another class'instance (http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/t718777-dont-understand-behavior-instance-form-a-class-in-another-classinstance.html)

Martin P. Hellwig 03-25-2010 11:29 PM

Don't understand behavior; instance form a class in another class'instance
 
Hi all,

When I run the following snippet (drastically simplified, to just show
what I mean):
>>

import platform, sys

class One(object):
def __init__(self):
self.one = True

def change(self):
self.one = False

class Two(object):
def __init__(self):
self._instance_one = One()
self.one = self._instance_one.one
self.change = self._instance_one.change

if __name__ == '__main__':
print(sys.version)
print(platform.machine())
print(80*'#')
TEST1 = One()
print(TEST1.one)
TEST1.change()
print(TEST1.one)
TEST1 = None
print(80*'#')
TEST2 = Two()
print(TEST2.one)
TEST2.change()
print(TEST2.one
>>


I get the following result:

<<
[GCC 4.2.1 20070719 [FreeBSD]]
amd64
################################################## ##############################
True
False
################################################## ##############################
True
True
################################################## ##############################
<<

What I don't understand why in the second test, the last boolean is True
instead of (what I expect) False.
Could somebody enlighten me please as this has bitten me before and I am
confused by this behavior.

Thanks in advance

--
mph

Martin P. Hellwig 03-26-2010 12:06 AM

Re: Don't understand behavior; instance form a class in another class'instance
 
On 03/25/10 23:41, Christian Heimes wrote:
> Martin P. Hellwig schrieb:
>> What I don't understand why in the second test, the last boolean is True
>> instead of (what I expect) False.
>> Could somebody enlighten me please as this has bitten me before and I am
>> confused by this behavior.

>
> Hint: TEST2.one is not a reference to TEST2.__instance_one.one. When you
> alter TEST2.__instance_one.one you don't magically change TEST2.one,
> too. Python doesn't have variables like C pointers. Python's copy by
> object (or share by object) behavior can be understand as labels. The
> label TEST2.one references the same object as TEST2.__instance_one.one
> until you change where the label TEST2.__instance_one.one points to.
>
> Christian
>


Ah okay thanks for the explanation, Am I correct in thinking (please
correct me if I mangle up the terminology and/or totally are in the
wrong ballpark) that this is more or less because the label of the first
class is to an object (boolean with value False)
and the label of the second class does not cascade to the first label
for looking something up but instead during assignment sees that it is a
label to an object instead of the object itself thus copies the label
content instead?

I probably expected classes namespaces to behave in about the same way
as lists and dictionaries do, don't know where I picked that up.

Thanks again,

--
mph


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