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-   -   Help>Multiplier Code > State Machine Style > VHDL (http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/t54511-help-multiplier-code-state-machine-style-vhdl.html)

 kameshwar_kaushik 01-26-2006 07:33 PM

Help>Multiplier Code > State Machine Style > VHDL

here is my code
/************************************************** */
Library IEEE;
use IEEE.std_logic_1164.all;
use IEEE.std_logic_signed.all;
use IEEE.numeric_std.all;

entity multiplier is
port (A: in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
B: in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
Rst: in std_logic;
Clk: in std_logic;
O: out std_logic_vector(7 downto 0));
end multiplier;

architecture multiplier of multiplier is
signal prod: std_logic_vector(7 downto 0);
signal temp: std_logic_vector(8 downto 0);
signal count: std_logic_vector (3 downto 0);
signal case_temp: std_logic_vector(1 downto 0);
signal carry: std_logic;
signal current_state,next_state: std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
begin
process (Rst,Clk)
begin
if(Rst ='1') then
current_state<=(others => '0');
else
if(Clk='1') then
current_state<=next_state;
end if;
end if;
end process;

process(Clk)
begin
if(Clk'event and Clk='1' and Rst='0') then
case current_state is
when "0000" =>
prod<= "0000" & A;
carry<= '0';
temp<= (others => '0');
count <= (others => '0');
case_temp<= (others => '0');
next_state<= "0001";
when "0001" =>
case_temp <= prod(0) & carry;
case (case_temp) is
when "00" => next_state<= "0100";
when "01" => next_state<= "0010";
when "10" => next_state<= "0011";
when "11" => next_state<= "0100";
when others=> next_state<= "0000";
end case;
count<=count +'1';
when "0010" =>
prod(7 downto 4) <= prod(7 downto 4) + B;
next_state<= "0100";
when "0011" =>
prod(7 downto 4) <= prod(7 downto 4) + not(B) +'1';
next_state<= "0100";
when "0100" =>
temp <= prod(7) & prod(7 downto 0);
prod <= temp(8 downto 1);
carry <= temp(0);
next_state<= "0101";
when "0101" =>
if (not(count = "0100")) then
next_state<="0001";
else
next_state<="0110";
end if;
when "0110" => O<= prod;
when others => null;
end case;
end if;
end process;

end architecture;

/************************************************** **/

this is my code based on booths algorithm for fixed point multiplication (4 bit x 4-bit).

The code compiles fine...but the problem is with the execution.

I track the progress of the multiplier block using "count" variable. The next_state and current_state variables define which state the block is in and which state it is going to be in.

There are 2 process blocks' . 1 is combinational and 1 is sequential.

but the state transistion is not happening correctly because the process block values are not being updated correctly at the end of every process block. Infact, the trace shows that every state is executed twice . This is not how it should be. Can anyone tell me why?

// PS: The same code works well in verilog, i've tried it in verilog

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