Naming of core NASA center with the words "Mission Control Center" & mass use of religious anthem sounding word "Mission" in Context of Space Exploration & the Moon Landing Hoax
Naming of core NASA center with the words "Mission Control Center"
& mass use of religious anthem sounding word "Mission" in Context
of Space Exploration & the Moon Landing Hoax
The item has the dictionary section first and then some information
about the NASA Mission Control Center.
According to dictionary.com the definitions of the word "mission"
are as follows:
"mis·sion Audio pronunciation of "mission" ( P ) Pronunciation
1. A body of persons sent to conduct negotiations or establish
relations with a foreign country.
2. The business with which such a body of persons is charged.
3. A permanent diplomatic office abroad.
4. A body of experts or dignitaries sent to a foreign country.
1. A body of persons sent to a foreign land by a religious
organization, especially a Christian organization, to spread its faith
or provide educational, medical, and other assistance.
2. A mission established abroad.
3. The district assigned to a mission worker.
4. A building or compound housing a mission.
5. An organization for carrying on missionary work in a
6. missions Missionary duty or work.
3. A Christian church or congregation with no cleric of its own that
depends for support on a larger religious organization.
4. A series of special Christian services for purposes of
5. A welfare or educational organization established for the needy
people of a district.
1. A special assignment given to a person or group: an agent
on a secret mission.
2. A combat operation assigned to a person or military unit.
3. An aerospace operation intended to carry out specific
program objectives: a mission to Mars.
7. An inner calling to pursue an activity or perform a service; a
tr.v. mis·sioned, mis·sion·ing, mis·sions
1. To send on a mission.
2. To organize or establish a religious mission among or in.
1. Of or relating to a mission.
2. Of or relating to a style of architecture or furniture used in
the early Spanish missions of California.
3. often Mission Of, relating to, or having the distinctive
qualities of an early 20th-century style of plain, heavy, dark-stained
[French, from Old French, from Latin missi, missin-, from missus, past
participle of mittere, to send off.]mission·al adj.
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Source: The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language,
Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
n 1: an organization of missionaries in a foreign land sent to carry on
religious work [syn: missionary post, missionary station, foreign
mission] 2: an operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters;
"the planes were on a bombing mission" [syn: military mission] 3: a
special assignment that is given to a person or group; "a confidential
mission to London"; "his charge was deliver a message" [syn: charge,
commission] 4: the organized work of a religious missionary [syn:
missionary work] 5: a group of representatives or delegates [syn:
deputation, commission, delegation, delegacy]
Source: WordNet ® 2.0, © 2003 Princeton University"
Mission Control Center (MCC) is a unit that manages aerospace flights.
MCC is often part of an aerospace agency. There are several such
agencies in the world, the three biggest ones being:
* National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
* Russian Federal Space Agency (RKA)
* European Space Agency (ESA)
The main task of MCC is to manage remote space objects from start till
landing by sending and receiving data in a special format, called
NASA Mission Control Center
Located at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, the
NASA MCC was first used in 1964 with the Gemini 4 mission, the first
American EVA flight. Prior to Gemini 4, all Mercury-Redstone,
Mercury-Atlas, and the unmanned Gemini 1, Gemini 2, and manned Gemini 3
missions were controlled by the MCC center at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Between 1964 until its replacement with the new "MCC-2" in 1998, the
NASA MCC has controlled virturally all Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, and
Space Shuttle flights.
The NASA MCC room, known as the Mission Operations Control Room (MOCR),
consists of a four-tier auditorium, dominated by a large map screen,
which for the exception of Apollo lunar flights, has a mercator
projection of the Earth, with locations of the numerous tracking
stations spread out all over the Earth, and a three-orbit track of the
spacecraft in flight. Each MOCR tier were specialized in nature, and
contained specific controllers, each handling a portion of the
spacecraft or launch vehicle.
The first row, known as "The Trench," consists of four
controllers--BOOSTER, RETRO, FIDO, and GUIDO. The BOOSTER controller
monitors the launch vehicle, and his or her job lasts no more than six
hours. The RETRO, FIDO, and GUIDO controllers monitors the spacecraft
trajectory, handles any course changes, and establishes launch and
The second row, since Project Gemini, consists of the SURGEON, EECOM,
and CAPCOM. The SURGEON is the flight surgeon, a NASA-employed civilian
doctor who monitors the health of the astronauts, although since the
first flight of the Space Shuttle, this has not been done directly,
except for EVA activities. The EECOM monitors the electrical and
environmental systems on the spacecraft, while the CAPCOM, a rookie
astronaut, serves as the "air-to-ground" communicator between the MCC
and the space crew--no other controller can speak to the astronauts,
except to the SURGEON, if an emergency arises.
On the other side of the "aisle" of the second row, are controllers who
monitor specific parts of Apollo, Skylab, and the Space Shuttle. During
the lunar flights, the TELMU and CONTROL controllers monitored the
Apollo lunar module. During Skylab, the EGIL (pronounced "eagle")
monitor the Skylab's solar panels, while the EXPERIMENTS controller
monitored experiments and the telescopes in the Apollo Telescope Mount.
Currently, the PAYLOAD and EXPERIMENTS controllers monitor Space
Shuttle operations. Another controller, the INCO monitors the
communications and instrumentation on the spacecraft.
The third row consists of the PAO (Public Affairs Officer), PROCEDURES
(who coordinates with launch teams, writes the countdowns and "go-no
go" conditions), FAO (flight activities officer, who coordinates with
the flight schedule), AFD (assistant flight director), and FLIGHT--the
Flight Director, the "boss" of the entire mission operations. This
position was first filled by Dr. Christopher Kraft, and later by Eugene
Kranz, Dr. Glynn Lunney, Gerald Griffin (NASA Flight Director), and
others who followed.
The fourth row has consoles for NASA management, including the Director
of the Johnson Space Center, the Director of Flight Crew Operations
(chief astronaut--first held by Donald K. "Deke" Slayton), and the
Department of Defense officer, who coordinates coordinates with active
duty and reserve components in any search and rescue or recovery
operations in the case of an abort.
The old MCC, now registered on the National List of Historic Places,
and had two identical control rooms, was replaced in 1997 with a new
MCC, which has two large rooms for Shuttle flights, and a smaller size
auditorium for International Space Station operations. Both are
identical in operations, except that the ISS MOCR has fewer
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