Velocity Reviews (http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/index.php)
-   Python (http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/f43-python.html)
-   -   What's the difference between these 2 statements? (http://www.velocityreviews.com/forums/t344050-whats-the-difference-between-these-2-statements.html)

 ATSkyWalker 04-20-2005 06:52 PM

What's the difference between these 2 statements?

What's the difference between these 2 statements?

If you have a String s="12345"

s[len(s)::-1] = "54321"

But

s[len(s):0:-1] = "5432"

Why? What's the difference? What number then can I use as the end of
the slice if I were to supply all 3 parameters?

Thanks,
AT

 Reinhold Birkenfeld 04-20-2005 06:53 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

ATSkyWalker wrote:
> What's the difference between these 2 statements?
>
> If you have a String s="12345"
>
> s[len(s)::-1] = "54321"
>
> But
>
> s[len(s):0:-1] = "5432"
>
> Why? What's the difference? What number then can I use as the end of
> the slice if I were to supply all 3 parameters?

-1.

Reinhold

 tiissa 04-20-2005 07:29 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

Reinhold Birkenfeld wrote:
> ATSkyWalker wrote:
>
>>What's the difference between these 2 statements?
>>
>>If you have a String s="12345"
>>
>>s[len(s)::-1] = "54321"
>>
>>But
>>
>>s[len(s):0:-1] = "5432"
>>
>>Why? What's the difference? What number then can I use as the end of
>>the slice if I were to supply all 3 parameters?

>
>
> -1.

-len(s) or less.
-1 will return an empty string.

Actually you start from len(s)-1 (len(s) is not an index in s) and you
stop when you reach the index specified (or the end). Since -1 is the
same index as the starting one (-1~>len(s)-1, -2~>len(s)-2,
-len(s)+1~>0), you end up with an empty string.

Therefore you have to try to reach indices lower (due to the negative
step) than the minimum valid index of your list in order to reverse it
fully.

 ahmedt@gmail.com 04-20-2005 07:32 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

s[len(s):-1:-1] yields an empty list !

Test code :

s = "12345"
print s[len(s)::-1] -> prints "54321"
print s[len(s):-1:-1] -> prints "" (nothing)

 Reinhold Birkenfeld 04-20-2005 07:33 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

tiissa wrote:
> Reinhold Birkenfeld wrote:
>> ATSkyWalker wrote:
>>
>>>What's the difference between these 2 statements?
>>>
>>>If you have a String s="12345"
>>>
>>>s[len(s)::-1] = "54321"
>>>
>>>But
>>>
>>>s[len(s):0:-1] = "5432"
>>>
>>>Why? What's the difference? What number then can I use as the end of
>>>the slice if I were to supply all 3 parameters?

>>
>>
>> -1.

>
> -len(s) or less.
> -1 will return an empty string.
>
> Actually you start from len(s)-1 (len(s) is not an index in s) and you
> stop when you reach the index specified (or the end). Since -1 is the
> same index as the starting one (-1~>len(s)-1, -2~>len(s)-2,
> -len(s)+1~>0), you end up with an empty string.
>
> Therefore you have to try to reach indices lower (due to the negative
> step) than the minimum valid index of your list in order to reverse it
> fully.

Right, sorry.

Well, I guess that's why one can leave out the index...

Reinhold

 ahmedt@gmail.com 04-20-2005 07:40 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

I'm sorry, I'm not really following your logic. Can you supply the
statement with the three parameters ?

so if I want to reverse it fully using s[len(s)-1:x:-1] what would x be
or is it impossible to express it in this way ?

Thanks,
AT

 Peter Otten 04-20-2005 07:53 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

ahmedt@gmail.com wrote:

> so if I want to reverse it fully using s[len(s)-1:x:-1] what would x be
> or is it impossible to express it in this way ?

This does not work for integers, because the theoretically correct value
x = -1 already has another interpretation as the gap between the last and
the last but one character. Here are two workarounds:

1. Set x to None

>>> s = "12345"
>>> s[len(s):None:-1]

'54321'

2. Separate slicing operation and reversal:

>>> s = "12345"
>>> s[0:len(s)][::-1]

'54321'

Peter

 ATSkyWalker 04-20-2005 08:07 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

Peter,

I like the way you put it "the gap between the last and
the last but one character" :-).

I guess this is a side effect of of python's asymetric slice indexing
approach which takes a little getting used to.

AT

 tiissa 04-20-2005 08:08 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

ahmedt@gmail.com wrote:
> I'm sorry, I'm not really following your logic. Can you supply the
> statement with the three parameters ?
>
> so if I want to reverse it fully using s[len(s)-1:x:-1] what would x be
> or is it impossible to express it in this way ?

Contrary to what I said above x should be _strictly_ less than -len(s).
You stop when you reach in the list the given end index (and don't take
the item there) or if you leave the index range.

But -1 as an index is the same as (len(s)-1).
Therefore going from len(s)-1 down to -1 is the same as going from
len(s)-1 to len(s)-1 hence an empty list.

And -len(s) is the same as 0 (my mistake above)
But -len(s)-1 is not in the list thus you won't discard any limit.

The example:
In [1]: s='12345'

In [2]: s[len(s)-1:0:-1]
Out[2]: '5432'

In [3]: s[len(s)-1:-1:-1]
Out[3]: ''

In [4]: s[-1],s[len(s)-1]
Out[4]: ('5', '5')

In [5]: s[len(s)-1:-len(s)-1:-1]
Out[5]: '54321'

In [6]: s[len(s)-1:-len(s):-1]
Out[6]: '5432'

 tiissa 04-20-2005 08:13 PM

Re: What's the difference between these 2 statements?

Peter Otten wrote:
> ahmedt@gmail.com wrote:
>
>
>>so if I want to reverse it fully using s[len(s)-1:x:-1] what would x be
>>or is it impossible to express it in this way ?

>
>
> This does not work for integers, because the theoretically correct value
> x = -1 already has another interpretation as the gap between the last and
> the last but one character.

AFAIK, it is not an issue of integer (what else can an slice index be in
python?) but simply of index aliasing.

For x=-len(s)-1, you get the whole reversed list:

In [5]: s[len(s)-1:-len(s)-1:-1]
Out[5]: '54321'

All times are GMT. The time now is 06:18 PM.